Arts term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on Arts posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free Arts research paper Ancient Peruvian Ceramics Of The North Coast essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. Ancient Peruvian Ceramics of the North Coast March 11, The first pottery pieces found in Peru were made somewhere between and b.
The temple's design shows complex innovation to adapt to the highland environments of Peru.
Several canals built under the temple acted as drainage. During the rainy season water rushes through the canals and creates a roaring sound and creates a noise like a jaguara sacred animal.
This meant that leaders organized many workers to bring the special materials from far away rather than use local rock deposits. They also may have been traded from different civilizations in the area.
They used early techniques to develop refined gold work. The melting of metal had been discovered at this point and was used as a solder.
Camelids were used for pack animals, for fiber, and for meat. They produced ch'arki, or llama jerky. They developed an irrigation system to assist the growth of these crops. Internal architecture refers to galleries, passageways, rooms, staircases, ventilation shafts and drainage canals.
External architecture refers to plazas, platform mounds and terraces. The lack of residential structures, occupational deposits, generalized weaponry and evidence of storage further make the site's architecture more interesting, as it focuses mainly on the temples and what lies inside of them.
The earliest known construction stage, the Separate Mound Stage, consisted of separate buildings  and do not conform, necessarily, to the U-shaped pattern seen in the Initial Horizon Period and the Early Horizon Period. During the Expansion Stage, construction integrated stepped platforms and created contiguous U-shaped form by connecting the buildings, which now surround open spaces.
At this stage, galleries are elaborate in form and features. As construction came to an end, galleries took on a more standardized look. Internal architecture was constructed as part of a single design and was intricately incorporated with the external architecture. Maintaining these galleries over time was important to architects.
There were centered placements of staircases, entrances and patios, all of which were consistently prominent. In the last stages of construction, due to constraints, centeredness was no longer possible, so architects shifted to constructing symmetrical pairs.
Externally, buildings were asymmetrical to each other. Alternate coursing of quartzite was used in the major platforms, while white sandstone and white granite were used interchangeably in the architecture, and were almost always cut and polished.
Granite and black-veined limestone were the raw materials used in almost all of the engraved lithic art at the site. Granite was also used extensively in the construction of the Circular Plaza. Platforms were built directly on top of fallen wall stones from earlier constructions, as there were little to no attempt to remove debris.
This shell trumpet was probably made for ceremonial use. The incised designs depict a person of high rank, indicated by his facial tattoos and ankle ornament, playing a shell trumpet. The figure is surrounded by snakes, including one that emanates from the instrument.
The twisting and intertwined snakes may indicate the power of the trumpet to communicate with supernatural beings. The San Pedro Cactus is often seen on various art forms, sometimes being held by humans, which is used as evidence to support the use of the plant. The Raimondi Stele is one of the major examples of this technique.
Ceramics, however, do not appear to represent the same stylistic features that are found on sculptures.
Artists depicted exotic creatures found in other regions, such as jaguars and eagles, rather than local plants and animals. It has an important religious meaning and is repeated on many carvings and sculptures. Tello Obelisk is a vertical, rectangular shaft with a step-like notch at the top.The Chavín Culture (BCAD) Lima History & Cultures (Part 2) The first major culture in Peru, the Chavin emerged around BC apparently in the Peruvian Andes region while some archaeological findings belonging to the Chavin even can be traced back another years earlier.
The first pottery pieces found in Peru were made somewhere between and b.p. The pieces were found in the central Andean region where a religious cult lived. This cult was called Chavín, after the best known ceremonial center, Chavín de Huántar.
Chapter 6 History. STUDY. PLAY. Chavin cult. It was created around BCE as a spiritual belief in the central Andes.
It was very popular from BCE. It vanished about BCE. It represented Tikal's control over the surrounding region, which had a population of about five hundred thousand. The Moche culture preserved some elements of Chavin culture, especially its style of pottery.
False; NAZCA The Nazca people were great builders of pyramids and palaces and were the first in Mesoamerica to work with metal. The Chavin culture represents the first widespread, recognizable artistic style in Peru. Chavin art is very distinctive with unique metalwork, here especially the exceptional gold pieces, often misunderstood and strange pottery as well as amazing textiles and religious objects.
The pieces were found in the central Andean region where a religious cult lived. This cult was called Chavín, after the best known ceremonial center, Chavín de Huántar.
The religious center was the home to massive temples that were highly embellished with low relief sculptures of gods, animals, and symbols.