Analyzing arguments

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well President Franklin D. Roosevelt as inferences drawn from the text. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. Students will be able to apply their definition, using evidence from the three texts, to current, real-life issues and topics.

Analyzing arguments

Origins of philosophy and definition[ edit ] Impact of literacy on culture[ edit ] Before writing became a way for many cultures before we had orality. Unfortunately many of the retained orality has been lost or drastically changed. Those that were able to be preserved gives us insight to past cultures and just how much we have evolved since then.

OngOng sums up his own work over the previous three decades as well as the work of numerous other scholars.

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With regard to oral tradition and primary orality he draws on pioneering work by Milman ParryAlbert B. Lordand Eric A. Marshall McLuhan was among the first to fully appreciate the significance of the Ong's earlier work about print culture and the written and printed word as a technology.

Primary orality[ edit ] 'Primary orality' refers to thought and its verbal expression within cultures "totally untouched by any knowledge of writing or print.

If a hunter kills a lion he can see it, touch it, feel it and smell it. But if he hears a lion he must act, fast, because the sound of the lion signals its presence and its power.

Analyzing Arguments

Speech is a form Analyzing arguments sound that shares this common power. Like other sounds, it comes from within a living organism.

A text can be ignored; it is just writing on paper. But to ignore speech can be unwise; our basic instincts compel us to pay attention. The absence of this technology in oral societies limits the development of complex ideas and the institutions that depend on them.

Instead, sustained thought in oral settings depends on interpersonal communication, and storing complex ideas over a long period of time requires packaging them in highly memorable ways, generally by using mnemonic tools.

In his studies of the Homeric QuestionMilman Parry was able to show that the poetic metre found in the Iliad and the Odyssey had been 'packaged' by oral Greek society to meet its information management needs.

Analyzing arguments

These insights first opened the door to a wider appreciation of the sophistication of oral traditionsand their various methods of managing information. But the availability of a technology of literacy to a society is not enough to ensure its widespread diffusion and use.

For example, Eric Havelock observed in A Preface to Plato that after the ancient Greeks invented writing they adopted a scribal culture that lasted for generations. Few people, other than the scribes, considered it necessary to learn to read or write.


Many cultures have experienced an equilibrium state in which writing and mass illiteracy have co-existed for hundreds or even thousands of years. Speech is inherently an oral event, based on human relationships, unlike texts. Oral societies can mount strong resistance to literate technologies, as vividly shown in the arguments of Socrates against writing in Plato 's Phaedrus.

Writing, Socrates argues, is inhuman. It attempts to turn living thoughts dwelling in the human mind into mere objects in the physical world. By causing people to rely on what is written rather than what they are able to think, it weakens the powers of the mind and of memory.

Argument from analogy - Wikipedia

True knowledge can only emerge from a relationship between active human minds. Plato conveyed his ideas by writing down the conversations of Socrates thus "preserving the power of the spoken word on the written page.

Understanding and Analyzing Arguments in Nonfiction Texts - SAS Structure the lesson by starting with teacher-guided instruction, then provide activities in argument analysis individually and in small groups, and finally provide class discussion to summarize and clarify concepts.
Explore Popular Debates, Discussions and Critical Thinking… | Kialo About 50 people attended. What I learned, even from Christian scholars, was shocking to me.
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Where can I get Logical Reasoning Analyzing Arguments questions and answers with explanation? And it seemed a little odd.

For example, in medieval Europe silent reading was largely unknown. This tilted the readers' attention towards the poetic and other auditory aspects of the text. Educated modern adults may also occasionally long for something like "the capacious medieval memory, which, untrammeled by the associations of print, could learn a strange language with ease and by the methods of a child, and could retain in memory and reproduce lengthy epic and elaborate lyric poems.

Unlike primary oral modes of communication, these technologies depend on print for their existence. Mass internet collaborations like Wikipedia rely primarily on writing, but re-introduce relationships and responsiveness into the text.

Importance of the concept[ edit ] For more details on the social, economic and other effects of literacy or illiteracy see Literacy It has been a habit of literate cultures to view oral cultures simply in terms of their lack of the technologies of writing. This habit, argues Ong, is dangerously misled.

Oral cultures are living cultures in their own right.Provided below are some examples of students' answers on an exercise on analyzing arguments. In this exercise students were asked to indicate if each passage is an argument or not and, if so, to identify the conclusion, premise(s), and issue.

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Need to sign in through your campus portal? If you don't see your university listed, sign in above. Introduction. This posting is the second section in the series Analyzing Thread Dumps in MiddlewareThis section details with when, how to capture and analyze thread dumps with special focus on WebLogic Application Server related thread dumps.

Subsequent sections will deal with more real-world samples and tools for automatic analysis of Thread Dumps. Many arguments for the existence of God are not hypotheses or explanations at are metaphysical is not a matter of whether these arguments provide the best explanation for some only thing that matters is whether the argument is sound.

Analyzing arguments
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