You are required to follow that format exactly.
See the discussion of DOI in the notes below. Intuitive versus rational judgment and the role of stereotyping in the human condition: Psychological Inquiry, 3 2 Alliances and struggles of the gerontocracy in American television science fiction of the s.
The Aging Male, 6, See the discussion in the notes below. Classes explore modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles Times, pp. The square brackets show that this is a review. Star trek on the brain: Alien minds, human minds. American Scientist, 86 6 Indent the second and following lines 5 to 7 spaces or one half inch.
Use one inch margins and Times New Roman point font.
Article titles, book titles, and webpage titles: Capitalize all significant words of periodical titles, database titles and website titles. The volume number is italicized for journals and magazines but not for books.
The issue number is not italicized. If a book is not the first edition, include the edition number in parentheses after the title. See the example for Tauber in the Encyclopedia box under the Books tab.
Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by the author's last name, letter by letter, interfiling books, articles, etc. Items with no author are interfiled in this list by the first significant word of the title.
Use only the initials of the authors' first and middle names. If no author is given, start with the title and then the date. Note that some authors on the internet use a screen name instead of their real name and that an organization can also be an author a "corporate author".
See the examples under Books, Websites, and Blogs. If the journal or magazine begins each issue with page one paginated by issueinclude the issue number not italicized if one is provided.
If the journal continues the page numbering from issue to issue throughout the volume paginated by volumedo not include it. Include the DOI for items that you retrieve both online and if possible in hardcopy. The database may provide the DOI as part of the citation, or you may have to look at the top or bottom of the first page of the article to find it.
When the 6th edition of the Publication Manual was published init originally indicated that the DOI should be preceded by "doi: Your readers could then go to http: Both formats are still acceptable.
Use the one that your source uses. If you retrieve an article from a website or database, and it does not have a DOI, go to http: If that does not work: Include the URL of the journal's homepage at the publisher's website not the direct link to the article or the database.
You may have to use a search engine to find this website. The only time that you should include the full URL to the article would be when the article is difficult to find from the journal's homepage.
These are judgment calls that you will have to make. If you retrieve the text of a book from a website or if the book is available only online, then include the complete URL.
Do not include the database's name unless the item is available in only that one database. Older hardcopy publications will not have a DOI, and it can be left out.
If possible, include the month and day that the page was created. If a webpage is part of a larger website, do not italicize the title of the page.APA STYLE Reference Formats (revised 16/09/) Important: Effective June 15, , APA style guidelines for electronic resources (section of the Manual, pp.
) changed. Referencing online journal articles and some other materials has.
Generate a Bibliography, In-Text Citations or Other Elements in APA Style! APA is known as the American Psychological Association. But students all around the world know this abbreviation as a separate academic referencing style.
(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc.
Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. Sep 26, · How to Cite a Dissertation in APA. For many social sciences, you'll use the American Psychological Association (APA) style of citation. Generally, a citation will include information that answers four basic questions: who created the work, %(2).
Thesis/Dissertation – APA Reference List Capitalization. The document title is in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a dash.
The title of the thesis or dissertation is in title case – Each word in the name is capitalized, except for articles (a, an, the), prepositions. APA Format [Sample: Table of Contents] Table of Contents Abstract iii Acknowledgments v Table of Contents vi List of Tables vii List of Figures viii List of Abbreviations ix List of Symbols x Preface ix I.
The Heading to Chapter 1 (Level 1 Heading) 1 A. This is a Section Heading (Level 2 Heading) 1 a. This is a Subsection Heading (Level 3 Heading) 1 II.