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Oates may have drawn on the Persephone myth for her short story. Source "Where Are You Going? Where Have You Been? Oates draws on mythology, music, and modern culture in order to create her story.
Here is a summary, analysis and breakdown of some of the sources and inspiration she used along with an interpretation of their meaning. Just like any teenager she sneaks around, going to a drive-in restaurant to meet boys rather than to the movies like she told her family.
She is rebellious and flippant and has a bad relationship with her mother. She shrugs it off as a creepy guy. Arnold Friend and his side kick Ellie show up in his gold convertible. After she runs in the house and makes a failed attempt to call for help, he lures her out.
As if under a spell, Connie obeys him and the story ends with her walking down the path to the car. The implication is that she will never return. Schmid killed three young women before he was caught. Known as the Pied Piper of Tucson, Schmid befriended his victims, partying and hanging out with them, before he murdered them.
The Pied Piper reference refers to his almost mystical ability to lure the victims to their death. This shows the first mythical reference, the Pied Piper, that Oates used to build the layers of the story. Much like the PIed Piper, Friend is able to lure Connie out of the house and to her probable death using only his words and the strange sounds of the music that was playing both in the house and in his car.
But the use of myth goes even deeper. Mythology Joyce Carol Oates draws heavily on mythology in order to build the core of her story. Comparing Connie to the mythical Persephone helps the reader to understand her place, her actions and who Arnold Friend really seems to be.
In the myth of Persephone, the young goddess and daughter of Zeus and Demeter is kidnapped by god of the underworld, Hades. Demeter, the goddess who controlled the seasons and harvest, was so distraught that the land became barren.
Zeus was forced to intervene and command that Hades return Persephone to her mother. Hades complied but he tricked Persephone into eating a pomegranate before she left.
The significance of this act meant that she would have to return to the underworld. Is Arnold Friend a modern day Pied Piper? Connie represents the gullable Persephone, and Friend is Hades.
However, Oates gives Friend some more sinister charcteristics, more recognizable as the modern interpretation of the devil rather than just the god of the underworld.
This would help the modern reader to recognize who he truly is and what his intentions are. His hair seems to be a wig and is lopsided horns? Modern Culture Oates seems to be pointing a finger at modern culture.
By blending the mythical elements of the Persephone myth with rock music and the invincible attitude of Connie, Oates highlights the dangers of modern youth. Rock music is playing in all of the important scenes of the story. While the meaning to Friend may be different, the message from Oates to the reader is clear.
The code, 33, 19, 17 has at least two meanings. First, the reader can discover the title of the story. By counting backwards in the Old Testament of the Bible, 33 books, you will arrive at the book of Judges.Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.
Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.. For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .
Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" by Joyce Carol Oates is truly littered with conventions of Psychoanalysis.
Freud developed a list of defense mechanisms used by the human subconscious in order to deal with issues too 3/5(1). Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin From Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Tell-Tale Heart” to Kate Chopin’s “The Storm,” from Woody Allens’s “The Kugelmass Episode” to Joyce Carol Oates’ “How I Contemplated the World ” we will encounter numerous characters and their struggles, and be introduced to new ways of .
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May 22, · The short story entitled “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” by Joyce Carol Oates touched off a heated discussion when it was published in Critics have applied various literary theories and approaches to this fascinating and perplexing story. There are multiple interpretations of this story from different perspective.