Background[ edit ] The psychologist Sigmund Freud at age 16 with his mother in A play based on the myth, Oedipus Rexwas written by Sophoclesca. The Austrian psychiatristSigmund Freud —attended. In his book The Interpretation of Dreams first published inhe proposed that an Oedipal desire is a universal, psychological phenomenon innate phylogenetic to human beings, and the cause of much unconscious guilt.
Most people disagree with his theory and throw out the concept of the Oedipal and Electra conflicts altogether. This is because many are misinformed about the subject or do not completely understand it. Both the Oedipal and Electra complex play a vital role in the psychoanalysis of human behavior and appear in myths, fairy tales, and contemporary films.
Freud believed that the experiences during childhood were important predictors of later adult personality.
Each of us, he said, passes through five psychosexual stages during the first twelve or so years of life: Even of they make it throughall five stages, people may return or regress to a stage at which earlier needs were badly frustrated or overgratified.
During the phallic stage from three to six years of agethe major center of pleasure is the phallus penis for boys and the clitoris for girls. Children develop a desire for the opposite-sex parent and a wish to displace the same-sex parent.
This attraction creates a conflict, the Oedipus complex for boys and the Electra complex for girls, that must be resolved. This castration anxiety and the Oedipus conflict are resolved when the boy represses his sexual feelings for his mother, gives up his rivalry with his father, and begins to identify with him Rathus In the case of young girlsFreud believed they desire their father and unconsciously want to replace their mother.
Unlike the young boy who develops castration anxiety, however, the young girl discovers that she lacks a penis which causes her to develop penis envy. The Electra conflict is resolved when the girl suppresses her desire for her father, gives up her rivalry with her mother, and identifies with her Rathus Freud based his name for these complexes on characters in Greek mythology.
And Electra, daughter of Agamemnon, was said to have induced her brother to kill their mother.
Many people consider the psychosexual stages of development the weakest part of the Freudian Theory. Nevertheless, these concepts appear in ancient myths and classic fairy tales, as well as the most contemporary art, film, and literature. Another example is the Alfred Hitchcock film Psycho.
As for the Electra Complex, have you noticed how often the main female character in fairy tales is a young princess living alone with a doting father and sometimes even a wicked stepmother?
In the recent Hollywood comedy, a young Beverly Hills princess lives alone with her indulgent father her mother having died during a routine liposuction.
All these movies might tap into the Electra complex because the mother is absent and the heroine has her father all to herself. Are the Oedipal and Electra Complexes true and valid parts of life, which art imitates?
Regardless of those answers, Freudian terms are part of our history and part of our contemporary culture. Psychology in Action Fourth Edition. For a little girl This comes from a Greek The Oedipus complex concerns a male The use of the Oedipal and Electra complexes provides the reader withErnest Jones essay "The Oedipus Complex as an Explanation of Hamlet"s Mystery" was first published in The American Journal of Psychology in January of It was published in German the following year as a monogram, and then revised and expanded in when it appeared under the title "A Psycho-Analytic Study of Hamlet" as the first chapter in Jones' book, Essays in Applied Psycho-Analysis.
Electra complex From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Electra complex: Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnon, byFrederic Leighton, c In Neo-Freudian psychology, the Electra complex, as proposed by Carl Gustav Jung, is a child’s psychosexual competition with his/her mother for .
Uses secondary process thinking (a method to “get what you need” in the real world.) The ego tries to “make peace” between the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the “ reality principle”. Oedipal Hero is a term I have forged for an individual, usually of male sex, who suffers from a specific pathology that comes from a combination of an unresolved Oedipus Complex and a narcissistic.
Jun 24, · I am not aware that any psychologist outside of that outdated paradigm gives credence to the idea of an Oedipal complex as a normative stage of human development. Originally Posted by O'nus You can find research within Lee A.
Kirkpatrick and further attachment psychology studies on the psychology of sexual development, etc. Oedipus complex, in psychoanalytic theory, a desire for sexual involvement with the parent of the opposite sex and a concomitant sense of rivalry with the parent of the same sex; a crucial stage in the normal developmental process.