Sociological Theory in the Classical Era. University of Chicago Legal Forum: Queer Theory's Challenge to Feminist Sociology". This Idea of origin is Key to the progression of 'equalist' ideals, which have grown to engulf a number of socially important injustices, yet is often not realized in the Psyche of the individual and thus not beheld, conceptually by public; possibly due to the absence of a cross-conceptual, analytical thinking pattern.
History of feminism The ancient world There is scant evidence of early organized protest against such circumscribed status.
For most of recorded history, only isolated voices spoke out against the inferior status of women, presaging the arguments to come. In late 14th- and early 15th-century France, the first feminist philosopher, Christine de Pisanchallenged prevailing attitudes toward women with a bold call for female education.
The defense of women had become a literary subgenre by the end of the 16th century, when Il merito delle donne ; The Worth of Womena feminist broadside by another Venetian author, Moderata Fonte, was published posthumously.
Defenders of the status quo painted women as superficial and inherently immoral, while the emerging feminists produced long lists of women of courage and accomplishment and proclaimed that women would be the intellectual equals of men if they were given equal access to education.
After a series of satiric pieces mocking women was published, the first feminist pamphleteer in England, writing as Jane Anger, responded with Jane Anger, Her Protection for Women This volley of opinion continued for more than a century, until another English author, Mary Astell, issued a more reasoned rejoinder in A Serious Proposal to the Ladies The two-volume work suggested that women inclined neither toward marriage nor a religious vocation should set up secular convents where they might live, study, and teach.
Influence of the Enlightenment The feminist voices of the Renaissance never coalesced into a coherent philosophy or movement.
This happened only with the Enlightenmentwhen women began to demand that the new reformist rhetoric about libertyequality, and natural rights be applied to both sexes.
Initially, Enlightenment philosophers focused on the inequities of social class and caste to the exclusion of gender.
Swiss-born French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseaufor example, portrayed women as silly and frivolous creatures, born to be subordinate to men. In addition, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizenwhich defined French citizenship after the revolution ofpointedly failed to address the legal status of women.
Female intellectuals of the Enlightenment were quick to point out this lack of inclusivity and the limited scope of reformist rhetoric. Challenging the notion that women exist only to please men, she proposed that women and men be given equal opportunities in education, work, and politics.
Women, she wrote, are as naturally rational as men. If they are silly, it is only because society trains them to be irrelevant. The Age of Enlightenment turned into an era of political ferment marked by revolutions in France, Germany, and Italy and the rise of abolitionism.
In the United States, feminist activism took root when female abolitionists sought to apply the concepts of freedom and equality to their own social and political situations. Their work brought them in contact with female abolitionists in England who were reaching the same conclusions.
By the midth century, issues surrounding feminism had added to the tumult of social changewith ideas being exchanged across Europe and North America.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Instead, she promoted abolitionism and a land-distribution program for other former slaves.
Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! Concern in the United States turned to the pending Civil War, while in Europe the reformism of the s gave way to the repression of the late s.
When the feminist movement rebounded, it became focused on a single issue, woman suffragea goal that would dominate international feminism for almost 70 years.
Civil War, American feminists assumed that woman suffrage would be included in the Fifteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution, which prohibited disfranchisement on the basis of race. Yet leading abolitionists refused to support such inclusion, which prompted Stanton and Susan B.
Anthonya temperance activist, to form the National Woman Suffrage Association in At first they based their demand for the vote on the Enlightenment principle of natural lawregularly invoking the concept of inalienable rights granted to all Americans by the Declaration of Independence.
Byhowever, the American passion for such principles as equality had been dampened by a flood of Eastern European immigrants and the growth of urban slums.“Sociological feminism begins with the observation that for most of the history of sociology, women hardly appear in social theory and research.
Men’s experiences have been viewed as universal and women’s activities and experiences have been hidden” (Hughes and Kroehler ). Pro-feminism is the support of feminism without implying that the supporter is a member of the feminist movement. The term is most often used in reference to men who are actively supportive of feminism.
Feminist Theory: A Summary for A-Level Sociology. Posted on February 3, by Karl Thompson. Introduction – The Basics Feminism is a political movement; it exists to rectify sexual inequalities, although strategies for social change vary enormously.
A Summary for A-Level Sociology. Pingback: Feminist Perspectives on the Family. Feminist theory is a major branch of theory within sociology that shifts its assumptions, analytic lens, and topical focus away from the male viewpoint and experience and toward that of women.
In doing so, feminist theory shines a light on social problems, trends, and issues that are otherwise overlooked or misidentified by the historically dominant male perspective within social theory. “Sociological feminism begins with the observation that for most of the history of sociology, women hardly appear in social theory and research.
Men’s experiences have been viewed as universal and women’s activities and experiences have been hidden” (Hughes and Kroehler ). sociology-feminism study guide by Holly_Jones includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
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