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Backstory Story that precedes events in the story being told—past events or background that add meaning to current circumstances Though The Lord of the Rings trilogy takes place in a relatively short period towards the end of the year Third Age, the narration gives glimpses of the mythological and historical events which took place earlier in the Third age leading up to the action in the novel, and in the First and Second Age.
Cliffhanger The narrative ends unresolved, to draw the audience back to a future episode for the resolution. Deus ex machina a machination, or act of god; lit. This device dates back to ancient Greek theaterbut can be a clumsy method that frustrates the audience.
The phrase originates from Medeaan ancient Greek drama.
Eucatastrophe Coined by J. Tolkiena climactic event through which the protagonist appears to be facing a catastrophic change. In a way, Gollum does what Frodo and the Fellowship of the Ring intended to do through the whole plot of the trilogy, which was to throw the ring into the lake of fire in the heart of Mount Doom.
After the murderer later reveals himself, he narrates his reasons for the murder as a flashback of events leading up to the discovery of her dead body at the beginning of the story. Flashforward Also called prolepsisa scene that temporarily jumps the narrative forward in time.
Flashforwards often represent events expected, projected, or imagined to occur in the future. They may also reveal significant parts of the story that have not yet occurred, but soon will in greater detail. Occurs in A Christmas Carol when Mr. Scrooge visits the ghost of the future.
It is also frequent in the later seasons of the television series Lost. Foreshadowing Implicit yet intentional efforts of an author to suggest events which have yet to take place in the process of narration. Frame storyor a story within a story A main story that hatches a linking series of shorter stories.
Framing device A single action, scene, event, setting, or any element of significance at the beginning and end of a work.
The use of framing devices allows frame stories to exist. In Arabian Nights, Scheherazade, the newly wed wife to the King, is the framing device. As a character, she is telling the "1, stories" to the King, in order to delay her execution night by night.
However, as a framing device her purpose for existing is to tell the same 1, stories to the reader. MacGuffin A plot device coined by Alfred Hitchcock referring to some goal, desired object, or other motivator that the protagonist pursues, often with little or no narrative explanation as to why it is considered so important.
The stuff that dreams are made of.
The Maltese Falcon is a powerful MacGuffin in the film of the same name, a supposedly jewel encrusted black bird which creates the greed which propels every character, even the hero. In medias res Beginning the story in the middle of a sequence of events.
A specific form of narrative hook. The Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer are prime examples. The latter work begins with the return of Odysseus to his home of Ithaka and then in flashbacks tells of his ten years of wandering following the Trojan War. Ochi A sudden interruption of the wordplay flow indicating the end of a rakugo or a kobanashi.Rhetorical exercises in imitation, amplification and variation are found broadly within rhetorical pedagogy, both at the most rudimentary and advanced levels.
Instruction in imitation, and exercises to amplify and vary would precede doing practice speeches, but would also be employed to help polish and develop the progymnasmata or declamation. In literature, Amplification refers to a rhetorical device that involves extending a sentence in order to elaborate, exaggerate and emphasize certain points in a description, definition or argument.
Amplification adds more information to a sentence by methods of embellishment or technical elaboration. How Brainstorming Can Help You Generate, Focus, and Organize Ideas for Writing. Article.
The Advantages of Reading Aloud. List. 5 Phony Rules of Writing. Article. Why Do Writers Write? Practice in Using the Present Perfect in English Grammar. Article. Correcting Errors in Subject-Verb Agreement A Definition of the Literary Term. This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
Amplification refers to a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worth and understandability. The Literature of the Uninterrupted Life, where only natural death, inner conflict, or happenstance of undirected fate—a car wreck, for instance, or breast cancer–disturbs the flow of intimacy.